Operating System Reviews & News


Windows 10


Windows 10 is a series of personal computer operating systems developed and released by Microsoft, as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems. It was released on July 29, 2015. Windows 10 receives new releases on an ongoing basis, which are available at no additional cost to users. Devices in enterprise environments can receive these updates at a slower pace, or use long-term support milestones that only receive critical updates, such as security patches, over their ten-year lifespan of extended support. 

Windows 10 introduces what Microsoft described as "universal apps"; expanding on Metro-style apps, these apps can be designed to run across multiple Microsoft product families with nearly identical code‍—‌including PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub and Mixed Reality. The Windows user interface was revised to handle transitions between a mouse-oriented interface and a touchscreen-optimized interface based on available input devices‍—‌particularly on 2-in-1 PCs; both interfaces include an updated Start menu which incorporates elements of Windows 7's traditional Start menu with the tiles of Windows 8. The first release of Windows 10 also introduces a virtual desktop system, a window and desktop management feature called Task View, the Microsoft Edge web browser, support for fingerprint and face recognition login, new security features for enterprise environments, and DirectX 12 and WDDM 2.0 to improve the operating system's graphics capabilities for games. 

Source: Wikipedia (2018)


Linux Foundation





Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel. Typically, Linux is packaged in a form known as a Linux distribution (or distro for short) for both desktop and server use. The defining component of a Linux distribution is the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991, by Linus Torvalds.Many Linux distributions use the word "Linux" in their name. The Free Software Foundation uses the name GNU/Linux to refer to the operating system family, as well as specific distributions, to emphasize that most Linux distributions are not just the Linux kernel, and that they have in common not only the kernel, but also numerous utilities and libraries, a large proportion of which are from the GNU project. This has led to some controversy. 

Linux was originally developed for personal computers based on the Intel x86 architecture, but has since been ported to more platforms than any other operating system. Because of the dominance of the Linux kernel-based Android OS on smartphones, Linux has the largest installed base of all general-purpose operating systems. Linux is also the leading operating system on servers and other big iron systems such as mainframe computers, and the only OS used on TOP500 supercomputers (since November 2017, having before gradually eliminated all competitors).It is used by around 2.3% of desktop computers.The Chromebook, which runs the Linux kernel-based Chrome OS, dominates the US K–12 education market and represents nearly 20% of the sub-$300 notebook sales in the US. Linux also runs on embedded systems, i.e. devices whose operating system is typically built into the firmware and is highly tailored to the system. This includes TiVo and similar DVR devices, network routers, facility automation controls, televisions, video game consoles and smartwatches. Many smartphones and tablet computers run Android and other Linux derivatives.

Source: Wikipedia (2018)




Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. In addition, Google has further developed Android TV for televisions, Android Auto for cars, and Wear OS for wrist watches, each with a specialized user interface. Variants of Android are also used on game consoles, digital cameras, PCs and other electronics. 

Initially developed by Android Inc., which Google bought in 2005, Android was unveiled in 2007, with the first commercial Android device launched in September 2008. The operating system has since gone through multiple major releases, with the current version being 8.1 "Oreo", released in December 2017. The core Android source code is known as Android Open Source Project (AOSP), and is primarily licensed under the Apache License. 

Android is also associated with a suite of proprietary software developed by Google, including core apps for services such as Gmail and Google Search, as well as the application store and digital distribution platform Google Play, and associated development platform. These apps are licensed by manufacturers of Android devices certified under standards imposed by Google, but AOSP has been used as the basis of competing Android ecosystems, such as Amazon.com's Fire OS, which utilize their own equivalents to the Google Mobile Services. 

Source: Wikipedia (2018)




iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware. It is the operating system that presently powers many of the company's mobile devices, including the iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch. It is the second most popular mobile operating system globally after Android. 

Originally unveiled in 2007 for the iPhone, iOS has been extended to support other Apple devices such as the iPod Touch (September 2007) and the iPad (January 2010). As of January 2017, Apple's App Store contains more than 2.2 million iOS applications, 1 million of which are native for iPads. These mobile apps have collectively been downloaded more than 130 billion times. 

The iOS user interface is based upon direct manipulation, using multi-touch gestures. Interface control elements consist of sliders, switches, and buttons. Interaction with the OS includes gestures such as swipe, tap, pinch, and reverse pinch, all of which have specific definitions within the context of the iOS operating system and its multi-touch interface. Internal accelerometers are used by some applications to respond to shaking the device (one common result is the undo command) or rotating it in three dimensions (one common result is switching between portrait and landscape mode). Apple has been significantly praised for incorporating thorough accessibility functions into iOS, enabling users with vision and hearing disabilities to properly use its products.
Source: Wikipedia (2018)

*Click on upper pane for O/S background or history and lower pane for reviews

O/S News Feeds

Some versions of Windows 10 display a notification to install the latest version
1/18/2019 5:21:43 PM Windows 10
Discusses the reasons that some versions of Windows 10 display a notification to install the latest Windows version. View More...

Scan a document or picture
1/18/2019 2:13:31 PM Windows 10
Use your scanner and download an app from Microsoft Store to scan a document or picture to your PC. View More...

January 8, 2019—KB4480961 (OS Build 14393.2724)
1/18/2019 1:57:23 PM Windows 10
Learn more about update KB4480961, including improvements and fixes, any known issues, and how to get the update. View More...

December 19, 2018—KB4483229 (OS Build 14393.2670)
1/18/2019 1:56:15 PM Windows 10
Learn more about update KB4483229, including improvements and fixes, any known issues, and how to get the update. View More...

December 11, 2018—KB4471321 (OS Build 14393.2665)
1/18/2019 1:54:28 PM Windows 10
Learn more about update KB4471321, including improvements and fixes, any known issues, and how to get the update. View More...

December 3, 2018—KB4478877 (OS Build 14393.2641)
1/18/2019 1:53:00 PM Windows 10
Learn more about update KB4478877, including improvements and fixes, any known issues, and how to get the update. View More...

November 27, 2018—KB4467684 (OS Build 14393.2639)
1/18/2019 1:51:56 PM Windows 10
Learn more about update KB4467684, including improvements and fixes, any known issues, and how to get the update. View More...

January 17, 2019—KB4480977 (OS Build 14393.2759)
1/18/2019 12:51:32 PM Windows 10
Learn more about update KB4480977, including improvements and fixes, any known issues, and how to get the update. View More...

November 13, 2018—KB4467691 (OS Build 14393.2608)
1/17/2019 7:04:42 PM Windows 10
Learn more about update KB4467691, including improvements and fixes, any known issues, and how to get the update. View More...

October 18, 2018—KB4462928 (OS Build 14393.2580)
1/17/2019 7:02:24 PM Windows 10
Learn more about update KB4462928, including improvements and fixes, any known issues, and how to get the update. View More...

GitHub Offers Free Private Repositories
1/9/2019 9:51:57 AM webdevel@sparkhausmedia.com (Joe Casad) Linux
Popular source code collaboration site makes a major change to feature set.  View More...

Linus Torvalds Welcomes 2019 with Linux 5.x
1/9/2019 9:45:18 AM webdevel@sparkhausmedia.com (Joe Casad) Linux
Better support for GPUs and CPUs.  View More...

Keep your edge with these powerful Linux administration tools:
1/7/2019 2:41:48 PM webdevel@sparkhausmedia.com (Lori White) Linux
Remote Git Repositories Git Started with Git Trigger Admin Tasks with Systemd BorgBackup Troubleshooting with Sysdig Become a  certified Linux Admin professional  with the Linux Professional Institute LPIC-1 Systems Administrator cert... View More...

Microsoft Gets an Open Source Web Browser
12/12/2018 9:23:11 AM webdevel@sparkhausmedia.com (Lori White) Linux
The company will use Google Chromium web browser as the foundation for its next browser.  View More...

Canonical Launches MicroK8s
12/12/2018 9:15:21 AM webdevel@sparkhausmedia.com (Joe Casad) Linux
Deploy Kubernetes in a few seconds.  View More...

A New Raspberry Pi Board
11/27/2018 3:38:49 PM webdevel@sparkhausmedia.com (Lori White) Linux
The new board packs everything that you get in Raspberry Pi 3B+ in a smaller package.  View More...

OpenStack Foundation Changes Name of the OpenStack Summit
11/14/2018 8:47:43 AM webdevel@sparkhausmedia.com (Joe Casad) Linux
New event will be known as the Open Infrastructure Summit  View More...

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 Beta
11/12/2018 5:23:16 PM webdevel@sparkhausmedia.com (Lori White) Linux
The latest version strikes a balance between past and future.  View More...

System76 Announces a Line of US-Made PCs
11/12/2018 5:21:09 PM webdevel@sparkhausmedia.com (Lori White) Linux
Thelio series is available for pre-order and will ship in early December.  View More...

IBM Acquires Red Hat
10/31/2018 9:31:02 AM webdevel@sparkhausmedia.com (Lori White) Linux
IBM is acquiring Red Hat, the most successful open source company.  View More...

Kick-start your New Year’s resolutions with Google Fit
12/27/2018 12:00:00 PM Android
January is fast approaching—and that means it’s almost time for New Year's resolutions, even though most people seem to abandon them about a week into the new year. But if 2019 is the year you want to stick to your goals, you may want to get a... View More...

This holiday season, keep calm and Google Fit on
12/10/2018 11:00:00 AM Android
Earlier this year, we redesigned Google Fit around new activity goals based on American Heart Association and World Health Organization physical activity recommendations. Many of you have shared your feature requests and today—just in time f... View More...

Bringing eSIM to more networks around the world
12/3/2018 10:00:00 AM Android
With eSIM,  getting wireless service is as easy as turning on your phone. Gone are the days of going to the store to get a SIM card and fumbling around to try and place it into a small slot. With eSIM, we hope to bring you instant connectivity... View More...

Upgrade your daily drive with new Android Auto features
11/29/2018 11:00:00 AM Android
When you’re on the road, the journey can be just as important as the destination. Today we’ve added new Android Auto features that make your drives even more simple, personal and helpful—including easier access to your favorite content with ... View More...

Celebrating a Sweet Decade of Android
10/22/2018 4:00:00 PM Android
Ten years ago, we introduced the first version of the Android operating system with the T-Mobile G1, and launched Android Market (now Google Play) the very same day. Android has grown up a lot since then—there are now more than 2 billion activ... View More...

Open platforms like Android unlock potential
10/17/2018 4:45:00 PM Android
As a scientist, educator and businesswoman, my goal is to engage as many young minds as possible to get them excited about science and technology. That’s why the explosion in affordable technology over the last few years has been so exciting f... View More...

Making a difference with Android and Google Play
10/4/2018 12:00:00 PM Android
As mobile platforms with global scale and billions of users, a core tenet of Google Play and Android is to have a positive effect on and change the communities in which we operate. Over the years, we’ve facilitated innumerable connections betw... View More...

Use your voice to access the world with a new Android app
10/2/2018 12:30:00 PM Android
Everyone can benefit from hands-free support when using technology, but for the 62 million people in the U.S. with motor and mobility impairments, it can be a vital requirement. For Stefanie Putnam , a quadriplegic and a para-equestrian dri... View More...

Technology for today’s world: helping you reclaim a sense of balance
9/25/2018 3:00:00 PM Android
“Focus on the user and all else will follow.” It’s one of the first principles Google laid out in the early days, and it’s still a guiding force as we build new products. And these days, focusing on the user means understanding that, for many ... View More...

Tips from the people behind your favorite Google products
9/21/2018 1:40:00 PM Android
I’m one of those people who always cuts it close at the airport—it’s a race through security, with just enough time to grab the airline essentials: water bottle, magazine, a soft pretzel if I’m lucky. But I just learned that I can whip out Goo... View More...

How to Change Microsoft Office Theme on Mac
1/21/2019 12:33:42 PM iOS
The Microsoft Office suite of apps include distinct visual themes that make those apps easy to identify, for example Microsoft Word on Mac has a dark blue visual theme on the Mac, Excel is green, and Powerpoint is red / orange. If you’d like to chang... View More...

How to Disable Keyboard Backlighting on MacBook Pro or Air
1/20/2019 9:59:13 AM iOS
Keyboard backlighting is one of the best keyboard features on Mac laptops, illuminating the keyboard to help you see the keys better in low light situations. And let’s face it, it also just plain looks cool too. Most MacBook Pro, MacBook, and MacBook... View More...

How to Force Restart iPad Pro
1/19/2019 1:58:40 PM iOS
Sometimes you may need to forcibly restart an iPad Pro, usually because of some freezing software or buggy behavior, but sometimes just as a general troubleshooting step. Initiating a forced reboot on iPad Pro models with Face ID and without a Home b... View More...

How to See Recent Files from iOS Home Screen or Dock on iPhone or iPad
1/18/2019 2:51:46 PM iOS
If you interact with the Files app frequently in iOS, you might be pleased to discover that the Files app offers a quick and easy way to see recent files, right from the Home screen of iPhone or iPad. Even better, you can launch recent documents dire... View More...

How to See Two Pages of a Pages Document Open Side-by-Side on iPad
1/17/2019 3:21:03 PM iOS
If you want to see multiple pages of a Pages app document open at the same time on iPad, you can use the “Two Pages” view to place a multipage document into a side-by-side view, sort of like a split screen mode but for viewing the same document. This... View More...

How to Save Voice Memos on the Mac as Audio Files
1/16/2019 4:26:32 PM iOS
If you have recorded voice memos on the Mac you may have then decided you’d like to save a voice memo as an audio file. The “File” menu on the Mac has contained the various save and export options since the beginning of the Mac platform, but for what... View More...

Screen Flickering on Retina MacBook Air 2018? Here’s a Workaround Fix
1/16/2019 2:01:26 AM iOS
Some 2018 MacBook Air (and possibly 2018 MacBook Pro) computers may exhibit seemingly random screen flickering, where the entire display backlight blinks and flickers. This can be alarming, since often screen flickering indicates a hardware issue. Bu... View More...

How to Take Live Photos in FaceTime on iPhone or iPad
1/15/2019 2:31:11 PM iOS
You can capture Live Photos of FaceTime video calls at any time during a FaceTime video chat on iPhone or iPad. This offers a fun way to capture moments of a video chat, and just like any other Live Photo, the resulting image will be a short video cl... View More...

How to Reset SMC on MacBook Air & MacBook Pro (2018 and Later)
1/14/2019 1:52:32 PM iOS
Resetting the SMC on newer model MacBook Air and MacBook Pro computers from the 2018 model year onward is a different process than resetting the Mac SMC on prior Macs, this is because of the T2 security chip that controls Touch ID and secure boot fun... View More...

How to Disable Chrome Automatic Sign-In to Google Services
1/13/2019 9:41:32 AM iOS
The latest versions of Google Chrome have a feature called Chrome sign-in that causes the Chrome web browser to login to itself when you login to another Google web service like Gmail or YouTube. In practice this means you’ll have your Google profile... View More...

Tech Insights